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Unemployment Insurance Benefits - Help - Glossary

Below is a list of commonly used unemployment benefits terms. Click on a term to learn the definition.

Appeal - The formal request by a claimant or employer to have a case reconsidered by the next higher level authority (see Hearing).

Base Period - The first four of the last five completed calendar quarters prior to the calendar quarter in which your claim is effective.

Benefit Rate - The amount of money to which a claimant may be entitled each week. The amount is based on the claimant's wages paid during the base period.

Benefit Year - The benefit year is the one year period beginning with the Monday following the week you file your valid original claim. You may be paid up to 26 weeks (or the equivalent) of benefits during a benefit year.

BYE - The Benefit Year Ending date (BYE) is the date your unemployment insurance claim ends and you can no longer collect benefits on that claim. The date of the BYE for your claim can be found on the website under View Payment History. If you remain unemployed after the BYE date and believe that you had sufficient employment in the past year to qualify for a new claim, you must immediately file a new claim, either on our website or by calling the Telephone Claims Center.

Covered Employment - An employer must provide unemployment insurance coverage for most types of work. This means the employer pays a separate tax which is used to pay your benefits. There are a few types of work which are not covered by law. Check with the office where you filed your claim to find out what is or isn't covered.

Disability - According to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, a person with a disability is defined as a person that has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment. Major life activities means functions such as caring for one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, working and receiving education or vocational training.

DUA - Disaster Unemployment Assistance - Section 407 of the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 created a program for the payment of unemployment assistance to unemployed individuals whose unemployment is the direct result of a major disaster as declared by the President of the United States.

Effective Date - The first day of the week in which the claimant initially files for benefits.

Extended Benefits - Additional weeks of benefits paid during periods of high unemployment as provided by the U.S. Congress.

Hearing - A formal meeting held to consider an appeal of a decision concerning benefits or to resolve a dispute of a material fact between the employer and employee.

Overpayment - Benefits received for which the claimant was not entitled because of a disqualification, earnings, or for other reasons.

Partial Benefits - If you work less than four days in a week and earn $504 or less, you may receive partial benefits. Receiving partial benefits extends the length of time you may collect benefits until you receive your maximum benefit amount or until your benefit year ends.

Reason For Separation - The reason you are no longer working.

TRA - Trade Readjustment Act which provides benefits to persons affected by foreign imports (see Special Provisions FAQs-TRA).

UCFE - Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees, which is the benefit program for former federal employees.

UCX - Unemployment Compensation for Ex-Service Personnel, which is the benefit program for ex-military personnel. (see Applying for Uemployment Insurance FAQs - Military Service)

Waiting Period - Before any benefits can be paid, an unpaid waiting period equivalent to one full week of unemployment benefits must be served. You are subject to the same eligibility requirements for this period as you are when you claim a benefit payment. If you work at all during the first week of your claim, or for other reasons do not serve a full waiting week, this unpaid time extends into the next week(s).

Week Ending Date - The week ending date is the Sunday date which is the last day of the week for which you are claiming benefits.

Occupational Groups- Occupational Groups.